The Egba people of Ogun State are unarguably one of the most popular and biggest sub-group of the Yoruba ethnic group of Nigeria.
The origin of the people’s name, ‘Egba’ is disputed. It is said to come from the word ‘Egbalugbo‘ meaning wanderers towards the forest. This is as a result of the fact that the ancestors of the Egba people came from the region of the Oyo Empire to the Egba forest which formed the present-day Abeokuta city.
The other origination of the people’s name comes from the word ‘Eisegba‘, the title of a chief which led several groups of the people to their present locations.
The people are grouped into four which are ‘Ake’, ‘Owu’, ‘Oke-ona‘ and ‘Gbagura’; each with its own king. They are Alake of Egbaland, Oshile of Oke- Ona, Agura of Gbagura and Oluwu of Owu, in order of their settlement and seniority in the Egba nation.
The people are majorly found in the central part of Ogun State that is the Ogun central senatorial district.
They are found in 6 of the 20 local government areas in Ogun State which are Abeokuta North, Abeokuta South, Ewekoro, Ifo, Obafemi Owode and Odeda Local Government areas.
The major food of the Egba people is Lafun [white amala] and Ewedu soup. They also eat the locally produced rice known as ‘Badan Ofada‘.
The people are rich in culture and heritage which include their clothing. The men wear trousers called Kembe/sokoto. The top wear is Buba and agbada [flowing robes] men also adorn headwear such as Fila Abeti Aja. Women are seen in Iro [Wrapper] , Buba[Blouse], Gele[Headgear] and ipele[a piece of cloth placed on the shoulder or wrapped around the waist]. The people’s fabrics are majorly Adire [a locally produced tie and dye material].
Notable People of Egba land.
Some of the notable Egba sons and daughters include Chief M.K.O Abiola, Cheif Olusegun Obasanjo, Chief Ebenezer Obey, Fela Kuti, Prof.Wole Soyinka, Pastor Tunde Bakare, Funmilayo Ransome Kuti, Olu Jacobs, Zainab Balogun, Ayinla Yusuf Omowura etc.
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